Mechanical seals and Pumps


Are you curious about the differences between PTFE and PVDF? These two fluoropolymers have unique properties that make them suitable for various applications. In this blog post, we’ll explore the key distinctions between PTFE and PVDF, helping you understand their strengths and weaknesses. By the end, you’ll be equipped to make informed decisions when choosing between these materials. 64f41e987996b

Difference Between PTFE and PVDF

Chemical Composition and Structure

PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) are both fluoropolymers, but they differ in their chemical composition and structure.

PTFE is composed of carbon and fluorine atoms, with the chemical formula (C2F4)n, forming a linear polymer chain.

PVDF has the chemical formula (C2H2F2)n and features a partially fluorinated polymer chain with alternating CH2 and CF2 groups.

Physical and Mechanical Properties

PTFE has a higher melting point (327°C) compared to PVDF (170-175°C), making it suitable for high-temperature applications. PTFE also has a lower coefficient of friction and better non-stick properties.

PVDF has superior mechanical strength, impact resistance, and abrasion resistance. It also has a higher dielectric constant and piezoelectric properties, making it useful for electrical and sensor applications.

Chemical Resistance

Both PTFE and PVDF demonstrate excellent chemical resistance, but with some differences.

PTFE is virtually inert and resistant to almost all chemicals, acids, bases, and solvents. It is often chosen for applications involving highly corrosive environments.

PVDF also has good chemical resistance, particularly to strong acids, bases, and oxidizing agents. However, it may be affected by certain organic solvents, such as ketones and esters, at elevated temperatures.

Processing and Fabrication

PTFE has a high melt viscosity, making it difficult to process using conventional methods like injection molding or extrusion. It is typically processed through sintering, cold compression molding, or ram extrusion.

PVDF can be easily processed using standard thermoplastic techniques, such as injection molding, extrusion, and melt casting. It also has good weldability and can be joined using various methods.


PTFE is commonly used in chemical processing, automotive, aerospace, and electrical industries for seals, gaskets, non-stick coatings, and insulation.

PVDF is widely used in chemical processing, semiconductors, oil and gas, and water treatment industries for piping systems, membranes, wire insulation, and sensor components. Its piezoelectric properties also make it suitable for transducers and energy harvesting devices.


Generally, PTFE tends to be more expensive than PVDF due to its unique properties and processing requirements.

PVDF, being easier to process and having a wider range of grades, offers a more cost-effective solution for many applications.

Environmental and Sustainability Aspects

PTFE is highly stable and does not degrade easily, which can be advantageous for long-term applications but may raise concerns about end-of-life disposal.

PVDF, being a thermoplastic, can be recycled and reprocessed more easily.

Both materials are considered safe for use in food contact applications and do not pose significant health risks. However, the production of fluoropolymers may involve the use of certain chemicals that have environmental concerns, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), which is being phased out by the industry.

In conclusion

PTFE and PVDF are both valuable polymers with unique properties. PVDF offers superior mechanical strength and chemical resistance, while PTFE excels in high-temperature applications and has a lower coefficient of friction. Consider the specific requirements of your project when choosing between these two materials. Contact us for expert guidance.


Todd is the manager of Cowseal mechanical seal manufacturer. Cowseal located in China with over 20 years of experience in the mechanical seal and pump industry. They offer a wide range of high-quality mechanical seals and are committed to providing reliable and cost-effective solutions for their customers.

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